YOU HAVE heard it being said a hundred times in class, so there's no harm listening to it for the 101st time: What you read is really — R-E-A-L-L-Y — going to decide what you will write, and how you will write it. But a good starting step is to read about journalism and about journalists. "After all, if you don't know where you come from, where will you go?" (Sounds familiar?!)
Since those of you who have just joined Commits have almost two years to go before you get out into the real world of journalism, here's a chance to catch up on some of these wonderful books. This list is by no means exhaustive, and indeed they are horribly subjective. But rest assured all the books are entertaining and interesting, whenever and wherever you read them. Enjoy.
1) The Almighty, by Irving Wallace (the inspiration of a Mammooty-starrer called New Delhi)
2) Psmith Journalist, by P.G. Wodehouse
3) Fourth Estate,* by Jeffrey Archer (a veiled story of Rupert Murdoch)
4) Cover Story, by Colin Forbes
5) Pelican Brief, by John Grisham
6) The Hong Kong Foreign Correspondents Club, by Anthony Spaeth
7) The Quiet American, by Graham Greene
There is not much by way of Indian fiction (at least not in English or at least none that I know of). But if you look hard enough you will find a couple of them: Last Post, by Narender Pani (a fictionalised account of Deccan Herald) and My Own Witness, by Mrinal Pande (a fictionalised account of her time as an NDTV anchor). I also remember somebody called Justin Hardy doing something about his stint at The Indian Express but I forget the title.
For those who love the word and the use of language, there can be nothing more gripping than reading "style sheets": these are the in-house guides and manuals that newspapers and magazines use to achieve uniformity and standardisation. The Economist Style Guide* is universally regarded to be the best and most entertaining, but here are a few others that you might like to read.
1) The Elements Of Style*, by Strunk and White (available in its entirety on the web)
2) The Associated Press Stylebook And Briefing On World Media (formerly the Associated Press Stylebook and Libel Manual), which gives you a great idea of how to avoid legal pitfalls
3) The New York Times Manual of Style and Usage*
5) Waterhouse On Newspaper Style, by Keith Waterhouse, on how tabloids have contributed to make the English language so much more vibrant.
6) On Writing Well*, by William Zinsser, is not really a style sheet but it is a guide nonetheless
7) Championship Writing, by Paula LaRocque, on how to improve your writing
There are very few Indian style guides of note, but the best of the lot should surely be T.J.S. George's Style. I am not sure it's in print any longer, but if you call up The New Indian Express office in Bangalore and ask, they should help. Mr George has also written a very interesting book called The Enquire Dictionary that explains key Indian and Asian words, for those of you unfamiliar between, say, dvaita and advaita philosophy.
The best way of learning journalism, as I mention repeatedly, is to think and act like a journalist. And one sure way of doing so is to find time to go through some of the compilations of great journalism. Not only will you get an idea of what was done by journalists before you, but you also get to read and update your knowledge about events, people, and places in history.
1) The Faber Book of Reportage (edited by John Carey)
2) The Mammoth Book of Reportage
3) The Granta Book of Reportage
The New Journalism, by Tom Wolfe
5) Esquire's Big Book Of Great Writing
6) The Playboy Book of Interviews
7) The Penguin Book of Columnists
Needless to say, very few Indian names once again, but most good publications (like The Times of India and The Hindustan Times) have brought out compilations of their best work. There is also a so-so compilation of stories from The Week*, and a very good compilation from Tehelka called The Best Of Tehelka*.
This is a sure shot way of learning how journalism works and how journalists work. The very best people in the business have put it all down on a platter for young journalists and you would be foolish not to partake of a great feast. My own favourites are:
1) A Good Life,* by Ben Bradlee, the executive editor who turned The Washington Post around
2) Good Times, Bad Times,* by Harold Evans, the pioneering editor of The Sunday Times
3) A Personal History,* by Katherine Graham, the publisher who oversaw the Watergate expose
4) A Hack's Progress,* by Philip Knightley, the investigative writer who outed Kim Philby
5) Deadline, by James Reston, the New York Times executive editor
6) Right Places, Right Times, by Hedley Donovan, the editor-in-chief of Time Inc
7) A Reporter's Life, by Walter Cronkite, the TV anchor who sobbed as he read out the news of JFK's death
Fortunately, some Indian editors and journalists have done justice in this arena. There is A Reporter At Large, by M.V. Kamath, the former editor of The Illustrated Weekly of India, which gives you a great idea of post-Independence India. The Contemporary Conservative, by Dhiren Bhagat, offers you a fine snapshot of an iconoclastic journalist who died very young. And Amita Malik's memoirs are brilliant and forthright.
Another great way of learning more about our business. There are a couple you must try to read. The first is Paper Tigers, by Nicholas Coleridge, in which he profiles some of the world's great publishers, including three from India: Samir Jain of The Times of India, Aveek Sarkar of the Ananda Bazaar Patrika group, and Ramnath Goenka, the feisty founder of The Indian Express. But my all-time favourite is The Years With Ross, by James Thurber, in which he profiles the eccentric founder-editor of The New Yorker, Harold Ross.
Most great journalists have published collections of their stand-out work. And these books by some of the very best are always at my bedside.
1) Essays, by George Orwell, unquestionably the most vibrant columnist of the 20th century.
2) Dateline Toronto, by Ernest Hemingway, a collection of his newspaper columns
3) The Gay Talese Reader, by Gay Talese, the new journalism guru
4) The Best Of Plimpton, by George Plimpton, the pioneer of participatory journalism
5) Ved Mehta Reader, by the visually-challenged New Yorker writer
6) Letters From America, by Alistair Cooke, the legendary BBC radio broadcaster
7) In Character, by John Mortimer, a collection of interviews
There are some outstanding Indian compilations: Byline* by M.J. Akbar, the former editor of The Asian Age; The Book I Won't Be Writing And Other Essays, by H.Y. Sharada Prasad; and T.J.S. George's The First Refuge Of Scoundrels. These last three were published in 2003, so they should be readily available. There is also Mr Editor, How Close Are You To The Prime Minister? by Vinod Mehta, editor-in-chief of the Outlook group, and I Muse, Therefore I Am, by V.N. Narayanan, the disgraced editor of The Hindustan Times.
Some books by journalists have become classics: Hiroshima,* by John Hersey, a sterling account of the victims of the nuclear bombing; In Cold Blood,* by Truman Capote, a reconstruction of a serial killing in Kansas; The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair, on the horrific conditions in the American meat packing industry. But my own personal favourite is Fear And Loathing In Las Vegas,* by Hunter S. Thompson, a drugged-out, tripped-out modern classic by the Father of Gonzo Journalism.
- In 1999 New York University's department of journalism named Hiroshima "the most important news story of the twentieth century".
- Visit my Pinterest bookshelf to check out some wonderful books about journalism as well as writing.